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   MARTHA LAUZENíS
2005 CELLULOID CEILING REPORT

WHATíS THE BOTTOM LINE?
STATS CONTINUE TO DISAPPOINT!
 

Here are the highlights of Martha Lauzenís recently-released Celluloid Ceiling Report for 2005. You can either read these numbers & weep, or make your own personal commitment to WITASWAN right away.

We continue to support Professor Lauzenís essential research, & we urge all of you to do the same.

Jan & Rich (6/15/06)

The Celluloid Ceiling:
Behind-the-Scenes Employment of Women
in the Top 250 Films of 2005

Martha M. Lauzen, Ph.D.
School of Communication
San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182

lauzen@mail.sdsu.edu

Copyright © 2006 -- All rights reserved.

(Posted on FF2 with Professor Lauzenís Permission)

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

In 2005, women comprised 17% of all directors, executive producers, producers, writers, cinematographers, and editors working on the top 250 domestic grossing films. This is the same percentage of women employed in these roles in 1998.

Women accounted for 7% of directors in 2005. This represents an increase of two percentage points over 2004. However, this is less than the recent historical high of 11% recorded in 2000.

The following summary provides employment figures for behind-the-scenes women working on the top 250 domestic grossing films of 2005. It also provides a historical perspective on the employment of behind-the-scenes women, comparing 2005 figures with those from the last 8 years.

Findings
 

This study analyzed behind-the-scenes employment of 2,488 individuals working on the top 250 domestic grossing films (foreign films omitted) of 2005 with combined domestic box office grosses of approximately $8.3 billion.
 

Women comprised 17% of all executive producers, producers, directors, writers, cinematographers, and editors working on the top 250 grossing films of 2005. This is the same percentage of women working in these roles in 1998 (see Figure 1).
 

Nineteen percent (19%) of the films released in 2005 employed no women directors, executive producers, producers, writers, cinematographers, or editors. Only one film (.5%) failed to employ a man in at least one of these roles.
 

A historical comparison of womenís employment on the top 250 films in 2005 and 1998 reveals that the percentages of women directors, writers, executive producers, editors, and cinematographers have declined, whereas the percentage of women producers has increased (see Figure 2).
 

Women comprised 16% of all executive producers working on the top 250 films of 2005 (see Figure 3). Sixty four percent (64%) of the films had no female executive producers.
 

Women accounted for 26% of all producers working on the top 250 films of 2005. Thirty seven percent (37%) of the films had no female producers.
 

Women comprised 7% of all directors working on the top 250 films of 2005. Ninety three percent (93%) of the films had no female directors.
 

Women accounted for 11% of writers working on the top 250 films of 2005. Eighty four percent (84%) of the films had no female writers.
 

Women accounted for 16% of all editors working on the top 250 films of 2005. Eighty one percent (81%) of the films had no female editors.
 

Women comprised 3% of all cinematographers working on the top 250 films of 2005. Ninety seven percent (97%) of the films had no female cinematographers.
 

By genre, women were most likely to work on documentaries and romantic comedies and least likely to work on horror, action, and animated features. Women comprised 29% of individuals working on documentaries, followed by 27% on romantic comedies, 23% on romantic dramas, 20% on comedy/dramas, 19% on dramas, 14% on comedies and science fiction/fantasy features, 13% on action and animated features, and 8% on horror features. 

Figure 1.

Historical Comparison of Percentages of Women Employed in Key Behind-the-Scenes Roles*

*includes directors, writers, executive producers, producers, editors, and cinematographers

Figure 2.

Historical Comparison of Percentage of Women Employed Behind the Scenes on Top 250 Films by Role

Figure 3.

Comparison of Percentages of Women and Men Employed in Top 250 Films of 2005

RELATED ARTICLES ON FF2:
 

Women Filmmakers + Women Audiences: Working Together to Improve Options for Everyone! (Text is based on Janís Womenís History Month presentation at Monmouth College on 3/25/04.) Note that this page includes Lauzenís Celluloid Ceiling Stats for calendar year 2003.
 

Click here for Janís 2003 chat with Professor Lauzen. Note that this page includes Lauzenís Celluloid Ceiling Stats for calendar year 2002.
 

Spotlight on the Celluloid Ceiling: What YOU Can Do! (Text is based on Janís AAUW-Illinois presentation from 5/3/03.)
 

Click here for a summary of Professor Lauzenís 2002 Celluloid Ceiling report. Note that this page includes Lauzenís Celluloid Ceiling Stats for calendar year 2001.